What is Ebook ? And Formats of Ebook

I Hope You Like The Article- What is Ebook ? And Formats of Ebook Don't Forget To Share And Comment. As a generic term, an electronic book (variously: e-book, eBook, e-Book, ebook, digital book or e-edition



What is Ebook Format


What is Ebook?

As a generic term, an electronic book (variously: e-book, eBook, e-Book, ebook, digital book or e-edition) or a digital book is a book-publication in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on computers or other electronic devices. Although sometimes defined as "an electronic version of a printed book", many e-books exist without any printed equivalent. Commercially produced and sold e-books are usually intended to be read on dedicated e-readers. 

What is Ebook Format



However, almost any sophisticated electronic device that features a controllable viewing screen, including computers, tablets, and smartphones can also be used to read e-books. Nowadays, both print, as well as e-book selling, is moving to the web. For instance, in the United States of America, more "books are published online than distributed in hard copy in book shops". The main reasons that people are buying books online are prices, comfort, and selection process. Notwithstanding that most people appreciate higher regular "bricks & mortar" bookshops, "yet almost every single one of us is buying books online". Based on this information it is almost certain that the e-publishing will soon overtake traditional publishing.

E-book reading is increasing in the US; by 2014 28% of adults had read an e-book, compared to 23% in 2013. This is increasing because 50% of American adults by 2014 had a dedicated device, either an e-reader or a tablet, compared to 30% owning such a device by the end of 2013.

Early e-book implementations


After Hart first adopted the Declaration of Independence into an electronic document in 1971, Project Gutenberg was launched to create electronic copies of more texts -, especially books.

Another early e-book implementation was the desktop prototype for a proposed notebook computer, the Dynabook, in the 1970s at PARC: a general-purpose portable personal computer capable of displaying books for reading.

First portable electronic book

What is Ebook Format

In 1980 the Department of Defense began concept development for a portable electronic delivery device for technical maintenance information called project PEAM, the Portable Electronic Aid for Maintenance. Detailed specifications were completed in FY 82, and prototype development began with Texas Instruments that same year. Four prototypes were produced and delivered for testing in 1986. Tests were completed in 1987. The final summary report was produced by the US Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences in 1989 authored by Robert Wisher and J. Peter Kincaid.

A patent application for the PEAM device was submitted by Texas Instruments titled "Apparatus for delivering procedural type instructions" was submitted Dec 4, 1985, listing John K. Harkins and Stephen H. Morriss as inventors.

In 1992, Sony launched the Data Discman, an electronic book reader that could read e-books that were stored on CDs. One of the electronic publications that could be played on the Data Discman was called The Library of the Future.

Early e-books were generally written for specialty areas and a limited audience, meant to be read only by small and devoted interest groups. The scope of the subject matter of these e-books included technical manuals for hardware, manufacturing techniques, and other subjects.[citation needed] In the 1990s, the general availability of the Internet made transferring electronic files much easier, including e-books.

E-book formats


As e-book formats emerged and proliferated,[citation needed] some garnered support from major software companies, such as Adobe with its PDF format that was introduced in 1993. Different e-readers followed different formats, most of them specializing in only one format, thereby fragmenting the e-book market even more. Due to the exclusiveness and limited readerships of e-books, the fractured market of independent publishers and specialty authors lacked consensus regarding a standard for packaging and selling e-books.



What is Ebook Format


However, in the late 1990s, a consortium formed to develop the Open eBook format as a way for authors and publishers to provide a single source-document which many book-reading software and hardware platforms could handle. Open eBook as defined required subsets of XHTML and CSS; a set of multimedia formats (others could be used, but there must also be a fallback in one of the required formats), and an XML schema for a "manifest", to list the components of a given e-book, identify a table of contents, cover art, and so on. This format led to the open format EPUB. Google Books has converted many public domains works to this open format.

In 2010, e-books continued to gain in their own specialist and underground markets. Many e-book publishers began distributing books that were in the public domain.[citation needed] At the same time, authors with books that were not accepted by publishers offered their works online so they could be seen by others. Unofficial (and occasionally unauthorized) catalogs of books became available on the web, and sites devoted to e-books began disseminating information about e-books to the public. Nearly two-thirds of the U.S. Consumer e-book publishing market is controlled by the "Big Five". The "Big Five" publishers include Hachette, HarperCollins, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.



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NEtechy: What is Ebook ? And Formats of Ebook
What is Ebook ? And Formats of Ebook
I Hope You Like The Article- What is Ebook ? And Formats of Ebook Don't Forget To Share And Comment. As a generic term, an electronic book (variously: e-book, eBook, e-Book, ebook, digital book or e-edition
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