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What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk

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What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk

What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk

What is Hard disk in Computer

What is Hard disk in Computer?

The hard disk is a magnetic mass storage device installed in special bays within the system unit. The hard disk could do compared to a large cupboard having several shelves
With different items being neatly arranged and stored on each self. The hard disk stored all the data you need to store on your PC-the operating system (for example, Windows),
The software program (for example an office suite), business or household applications and data, games, e-mail message, address books and so on.

A hard disk off the assembly line is just a mass of magnetic media. The magnetic surface of the hard disk has to be structured into specific areas where data can be stored properly, a process known as formatting. When you buy a new computer, the system comes with a formatted hard disk.

A hard disk needs to be divided into partitions before it can be used.

The hard disk on a newly purchased computer comes configured with a single large partition, the primary partition (C: in My Computer) and an extended partition, which may be further subdivided into logical partitions (D: E: and so on in My Computer) if required. Partitioning makes the storage of data more efficient and reduces the access time to retrieve data.

The storage capacity of hard disk has increased by leaps and bounds since IBM XT’s first 10 MB hard disk. Nowadays, 10GB is the entry level and 17 GB is common. The hard disk communicates with a PC’s motherboard through an expansion card or a disk interface card.

How does it work?

What is Hard disk in Computer

The dusk is formatted to divide its magnetic surface into concentric circular paths called tracks (these are like the grooves on a phonograph record) and wedge-shaped slices called sectors. Data is stored in the form of a file or groups of disk sector called clusters. A disk drive locates data by moving its magnetic read-write head to specific track within a specific sector.

When a new file is created in a freshly formatted hard disk, it is assigned cluster numbers in sequential order. If the file is expanded, then the first available clusters are assigned. When a file is deleted, their cluster numbers are simply marked as available.

Over the course of time, when files grow in size to require additional cluster or are deleted, the perfectly ordered sequence of clusters gets disturbed, a process is known as fragmentation.

Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk

Keep your hard disk in tip-top condition and optimize its performance.

What is Hard disk in Computer


  1. Create separate folders for each business application, data or for each family member. This will keep your disk clean and organized.
  2. Avoid the compression Though file compression increases the amount of storage space, it also considerably slow down system performance.
  3. Keep 10% free. Always keep at least 10% of your hard disk free-filling it beyond 90% of its capacity will lead to system slowdown and potential loss of information.
  4. Run the Maintenance Wizard utility of Windows 95 and 98. This utility makes your programs run faster, checks your hard disk for problems and free hard disk space. You can schedule it to0 run on a regular basis at a specific time, for example, once a week or other interval of your choice. Start maintenance Wizard by clicking on Start, choose Programs, choose Accessories, choose system tools and click on Maintenance Wizard.
  5. Use software package that helps to optimize your hard disk’s performanceFree Articles, e.g. Symantec’s Norton Utilities.

Read Also

What is USB in Computer? ‘Universal Serial Bus’ - USB 1.0, USB 2.0, And USB 3.0
What is Random Access Memory? Types of Random Access Memory
What is a Motherboard in Computer? - Components of the Motherboard

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NETechy: What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk
What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk
What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk What is Hard disk in Computer? How does it work? Some Tips To Maintain The Hard Disk
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