What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language | NEtechy

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What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language

What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language

What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language

What is XML Programming Language

What is XML Programming Language? 

XML--- Extensible Markup Language --- is an exciting development in web technology. It is the youngest and most comprehensive of Markup Language. (Markup refers to any thing on a document that adds special meaning to a particular text; for example, bold text is a form of markup). This language got the name Extensible Markup Language from the characteristic that is not restricted to a fixed set of tags, as is HTML (Hypertext Markup Language).

An XML user creates his own tags according to need. A tag is a sequence of characters in a markup language used to provide information, such as formatting specifications, about a document.

Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. The W3C's XML 1.0 Specification and several other related specifications—all of them free open standards—define XML.

What is XML Programming Language

The design goals of XML emphasize simplicity, generality, and usability across the Internet. It is a textual data format with strong support via Unicode for different human languages. Although the design of XML focuses on documents, the language is widely used for the representation of arbitrary data structures such as those used in web services.

Several schema systems exist to aid in the definition of XML-based languages, while programmers have developed many application programming interfaces (APIs) to aid the processing of XML data.

Markup languages are roughly classified into three types:

  • Stylistic - defines character presentation; for example, bold, italics, underline, font, etc.
  • Structural - define the structure of the document as for heading and paragraph.
  • Semantic - inform us about the content of the data, like giving a title.


SGML (Standardised Generalised Markup Language) is the mother of all markup languages and has been in existence since the late 1960s. In 1986 it becomes an international standard for defining the markup languages. It is used to create other languages, including HTML, which is very popular for its use on the web. HTML was made by Tim Berners Lee in 1991. While on one hand SGML is very effective but complex, on the other, HTML is very easy but limited to a fixed set of tags. This situation raised the need for a language that was as effective as SGML and at the same time as simple as HTML. This gap has now been filled by XML.

The development of XML started in 1996 when a team led by Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems began work on a project for remolding and cutting the inessential parts of SGML. They took the best of SGML, guided by the experience with HTML, and produced something that was no power, but much simpler to use.

The World Wide Web Consortium also contributes to the creation and development of the standard for XML. The specifications for XML were laid down in just 26 pages, compared to the 500+ page specifications that define SGML.

Read Also

What is A hyperlink in HTML And Types of links in HTML
What is the Hyperlink in Computer? (Clicking, Tapping, or Hovering) Types of Links
What is a Local Area Network? Main Characteristics of Local Area Networks

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NEtechy: What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language
What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language
What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language What is XML Programming Language? Introduction to XML Programming Language
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