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What is Mac OS Operating System - List of Mac OS Operating System

List of Mac OS Operating System/Mac OS X & macOS version code names What is Mac OS Operating System - List of Mac OS Operating System - List of Mac OS Operating System

What is Mac OS Operating System

What is Mac OS Operating System



  • [message]
    • Mac OS is the computer operating system for Apple Computer's Macintosh line of personal computers and workstations. A popular feature of its latest version, Mac OS X, is a desktop interface with some 3-D appearance characteristics. OS X has a modular design intended to make it easier to add new features to the operating system in the future. It runs UNIX applications as well as older Mac applications.
    • Initial release date: 24 March 2001
    • Developer: Apple Inc.
    • OS family: Macintosh operating systems
    • Marketing target: Personal computing
    • Written in: C++, Objective-C, Swift
    • Update methods: Apple Software Update, App Store, System Preferences

What is Mac OS Operating System


macOS is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001. It is the primary operating system for Apple's Mac family of computers. Within the market of desktop, laptop, and home computers, and by web usage, it is the second most widely used desktop OS, after Microsoft Windows.

macOS is the second major series of Macintosh operating systems. The first is colloquially called the "classic" Mac OS, which was introduced in 1984, and the final release of which was Mac OS 9 in 1999. The first desktop version, Mac OS X 10.0, was released in March 2001, with its first update, 10.1, arriving later that year. After this, Apple began naming its releases after big cats, which lasted until OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion. Since OS X 10.9 Mavericks, releases have been named after locations in California.

Apple shortened the name to "OS X" in 2012 and then changed it to "macOS" in 2016, adopting the nomenclature that they were using for their other operating systems, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. The latest version is macOS Mojave, which was publicly released in September 2018.

Between 1999 and 2009, Apple sold a separate series of operating systems called Mac OS X Server. The initial version, Mac OS X Server 1.0, was released in 1999 with a user interface similar to Mac OS 8.5. After this, new versions were introduced concurrently with the desktop version of Mac OS X. Beginning with Mac OS X 10.7 Lion, the server functions were made available as a separate package on the Mac App Store.

macOS is based on technologies developed between 1985 and 1997 at NeXT, a company that Apple co-founder Steve Jobs created after leaving the company. The "X" in Mac OS X and OS X is the Roman numeral for the number 10 and is pronounced as such. The X was a prominent part of the operating system's brand identity and marketing in its early years but gradually receded in prominence since the release of Snow Leopard in 2009.

UNIX 03 certification was achieved for the Intel version of Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard and all releases from Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard up to the current version also have UNIX 03 certification. macOS shares its Unix-based core, named Darwin, and many of its frameworks with iOS,  tvOS, and watchOS. A heavily modified version of Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger was used for the first-generation Apple TV.

Releases of Mac OS X from 1999 to 2005 ran on the PowerPC-based Macs of that period. After Apple announced that they were switching to Intel CPUs from 2006 onwards, versions were released for 32-bit and 64-bit Intel-based Macs. Versions from Mac OS X 10.7 Lion (2011) run exclusively on 64-bit Intel CPUs, in contrast to the ARM architecture used on iOS and watchOS devices, and do not support PowerPC applications.

List of Mac OS Operating System/Mac OS X & macOS version code names



  1. OS X 10 beta: Kodiak - 13 September 2000
  2. OS X 10.0: Cheetah - 24 March 2001
  3. OS X 10.1: Puma - 25 September 2001
  4. OS X 10.2: Jaguar - 24 August 2002
  5. OS X 10.3 Panther (Pinot) - 24 October 2003
  6. OS X 10.4 Tiger (Merlot) - 29 April 2005
  7. [OS X 10.4.4 Tiger (Chardonnay)]
  8. OS X 10.5 Leopard (Chablis) - 26 October 2007
  9. OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard - 28 August 2009
  10. OS X 10.7 Lion (Barolo) - 20 July 2011
  11. OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion (Zinfandel) - 25 July 2012
  12. OS X 10.9 Mavericks (Cabernet) - 22 October 2013
  13. OS X 10.10: Yosemite (Syrah) - 16 October 2014
  14. OS X 10.11: El Capitan (Gala) - 30 September 2015
  15. macOS 10.12: Sierra (Fuji) - 20 September 2016
  16. macOS 10.13: High Sierra (Lobo) - 25 September 2017
  17. macOS 10.14: Mojave (Liberty) - 24 September 2018
  18. macOS 10.15: Catalina - Coming Autumn 2019



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NEtechy: What is Mac OS Operating System - List of Mac OS Operating System
What is Mac OS Operating System - List of Mac OS Operating System
List of Mac OS Operating System/Mac OS X & macOS version code names What is Mac OS Operating System - List of Mac OS Operating System - List of Mac OS Operating System
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