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कंप्यूटर की दूसरी पीढ़ी [1956-1963] Second Generation of Computer in Hindi


Second Generation of Computer in Hindi Second Generation of Computer in Hindi कंप्यूटर की दूसरी पीढ़ी [1956-1963] Second Generation of Computer in Hindi

कंप्यूटर की दूसरी पीढ़ी [1956-1963] Second Generation of Computer in Hindi

Second Generation of Computer in Hindi

दूसरी पीढ़ी की अवधि 1956-1963 थी The second generation period was 1956-1963

दूसरी पीढ़ी में ट्रांजिस्टर का आविष्कार हुआ | इस दौरान के कंप्यूटरों में ट्रांजिस्टरों का एक साथ प्रयोग किया जाने लगा था, जो वाल्व्स की अपेक्षा अधिक सक्षम और सस्ते होते थे | जिन्हें कंप्यूटर निर्माण हेतु वैक्यूम टूयूब्स के स्थान पर उपयोग किया जाने लगा | ट्रांजिस्टर का आकार वैक्यूम टूयूब्स की तुलना में काफी छोटा होता है | 

जिससे कंप्यूटर छोटे तथा उनकी गणना करने की क्षमता अधिक और तेज | 

पहली पीढ़ी की तुलना में इनका आकार छोटा और कम गर्मी उत्पन्न करने वाले तथा अधिक कार्यक्षमता व तेज गति के गणना करने में सक्षम थे |

फोरट्रान की तरह इस पीढ़ी में, उच्च स्तरीय प्रोग्रामिंग भाषा कोबोल का इस्तेमाल किया गया.
दूसरी पीढ़ी की मुख्य विशेषताएं इस प्रकार हैं:

  1. l ट्रांजिस्टर का उपयोग
  2. l पहली पीढ़ी के कंप्यूटर की तुलना में छोटे आकार
  3. l पहली पीढ़ी के कंप्यूटर की तुलना में कम गर्मी पैदा
  4. l पहली पीढ़ी के कंप्यूटर की तुलना में कम बिजली की खपत
  5. l पहली पीढ़ी के कंप्यूटर से भी तेज
  6. l बहुत महंगा
  7. l Assmebly भाषा

इस पीढ़ी के कुछ कंप्यूटर थे- There were some computers of this generation
Second Generation of Computer in Hindi

  1. आईबीएम 1620
  2. आईबीएम 7094
  3. सीडीसी 1604
  4. सीडीसी 3600
  5. यूनिवेक 1108

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NETechy: कंप्यूटर की दूसरी पीढ़ी [1956-1963] Second Generation of Computer in Hindi
कंप्यूटर की दूसरी पीढ़ी [1956-1963] Second Generation of Computer in Hindi
Second Generation of Computer in Hindi Second Generation of Computer in Hindi कंप्यूटर की दूसरी पीढ़ी [1956-1963] Second Generation of Computer in Hindi
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