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What is Icon in Computer? History of Icons

What is Icon in Computer An icon is a small pictogram representing an action, an object, a software, a file type, etc.

What is Icon in Computer

What is Icon in Computer

An icon is a small pictogram representing an action, an object, a software, a file type, etc. The icons were first used as tools to make the graphical user interfaces easier to use.

An icon is an image like any other. However, the term "icon" most often refers to a relatively small image whose purpose is to represent or illustrate something.

A favicon is a use of an icon to represent a website, a CD or a DVD. It is usually displayed on a square of 16  pixels side.

Icons can be either classic format images (PNG, JPEG ...) or proprietary format binaries. On Windows, icons are binary files with the .ico suffix. On Mac, icons are historically stored as resources of their element; on Mac OS X, icons can also be .icns suffix files.

On Amiga, they are .info. The operating systems based on UNIX use simple format images PNG, SVG or XPM.

History of Icons

What is Icon in Computer
Picture credit to http://bookofjoe.typepad.com

Icon files first appeared in 1970 at the Palo Alto Xerox Research Center (PARC) as a way to make computers easier for novices to use. Their first large-scale commercial application is due to Apple, in 1984, with the Macintosh personal computer.

Software ( Icons)

What is Icon in Computer

There is software to create and edit icons. Most of these programs run on Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh. Systems using simple images only need conventional image editing software.

Icon editing software often contains a rudimentary image editor that allows you to draw pixel by pixel using simple tools and filters. Some, especially commercial software, have more advanced features, close to image editing software.

An important function of this software is the generation of icons from images. Some have a capture function to create an icon by capturing a portion of the screen. Another common feature is extracting icons from binary files ( executable file .exe or software library .dll ).

There are also websites for doing simple operations on icons.

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NEtechy: What is Icon in Computer? History of Icons
What is Icon in Computer? History of Icons
What is Icon in Computer An icon is a small pictogram representing an action, an object, a software, a file type, etc.
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